The Dogue de Bordeaux belongs to the hound group of Molossers.
The name originates from the dog breed Molossus which lived in c. 700BC.
The Assyrians (a nation that historically lived in central and north Mesopotamia, an area now known as Irak) used the Molossers as guard and hunting dogs, which is portrayed in paintings and carvings from this time.One of the first written descriptions dates from 326BC and describes a large dog with stubby, broad teeth. During archaeological digs in China, Tibet and India bones from this breed were found. The breed was also mentioned by the historian Alexander the Great (356-323BC). During the campaigns of Alexander the Great these dogs moved from Mesopotamia to Epirus (historical geographical area on the west of he Balkan peninsular which today partly belongs to Greece and partly to Albania). Epirus was a roman province. This is one theory of how these dogs were able to spread through the roman empire of that time.”