We can’t know when Man discovered fermentation and brewed the first beer but historians wonder if, besides bread, also beer has to be considered among the elements of the Neolithic Revolution of the 9.000 B.C. Dealing with beer, it’s possible to affirm that the first signs of brewing were in 7000 B.C. while the official beer recipe as well as the invention of the same word and the invention of the straw in order to drink it belong to the Sumerian Period (3000-2400 B.C.).Also Platone wrote in his works that a wise man invented the beer!
This is a great example of how something from the ancient past actually looks modern and familiar: a lady going out for the night, wearing a design watch and her favourite vintage bag. In fact, you are looking at a 3,000-year-old wall filled with Cuneiform text, one of the earliest writing systems on the planet. The wall is part of the palace of the Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II, which was built in Nimrudm, Iraq, during the 9th century. Although often referred to as a handbag, the object is actually a bag-type bucket. It is used by a protective spirit to sprinkle liquid from, in a ritual act that is meant to purify the king. I love it how such an ordinary object (a bucket!) is part of a surviving piece of ancient writing - although I would have liked it better if the spirit had held a funky vintage handbag.
Pic: the image is from this website and the information related to is from this discussion thread. There are other “handbags” (here and here for example). More about the palace here and about the bucket here.
A clay mask depicting a face with acting expressions. Mesopotamian art usually portrays human faces in a poker-like configuration. This one has 3 small holes at the upper part which might have been used to attach it to a necklace with the purpose of incantation/exorcism. Mesopotamia, old Babylonian era, 2000-1500 BCE, Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq
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