Old Akkadian Administrative Text on Gypsum
This beautifully preserved administrative text from Nippur is recorded in Old Akkadian on a gypsum tablet. As the official language of records during the reigns of Sargon (c. 2334-2279) and his successors, Old Akkadian was used in administrative records such as the one above. It was also used in letters, and a few examples of literature in this early form of Akkadian have survived.
Sargon of Akkad is well-known for later legends about his origins, which chronicle how, having been abandoned, he was found floating on the Euphrates River in a basket made of reeds. His name in Akkadian, Šarru-kīnu, is a throne name meaning “The true (kīnu) king (šarru)”. (Sources 1, 2)
Old Akkadian, c. 2340-2200 BCE.
University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. Photo from CDLI.